DMX-512 is all about communication, and is the most common stage lighting language. It is a digital communication that started simply with sending command information from the lighting controller to the dimmer. As technology has advanced, we now use DMX not only for dimmers but for fixtures, foggers, gobo rotators, variable irises, and so on. The largest benefit is that you can use many different types of equipment from many different manufacturers together. If you would like to learn more about how basic lighting systems function, please visit our free StageLightingTextbook.com
DMX Consoles (lighting boards) are the brains of the operation. It is from them that the control signal is sent to the receiving device. Using the DMX-512 protocol, these units speak to the largest percentage of devices. You can also purchase interpreters to other lighting languages as a DMX Convertor.